An Overview Of The Confederation Bridge

If you have ever been to New Brunswick in Canada, and you have seen an expensive bridge going out over the Northumberland Strait, you may not have known what the bridge was or where it went. This is actually called the Confederation Bridge, a bridge that comes out of New Brunswick and goes across all the way to Prince Edward Island. Although it was once referred to as the Fixed Link, they originally settled on the current name. The construction of the bridge began back in the 1990s, taking four years, ending in 1997. It cost over $1 billion in Canadian money, and is about 8 miles long. Here is an overview of how the bridge was made, the tolls that are charged, and the history of its development.

The Structure Of The Bridge

The bridge itself is part of the Trans-Canada Highway. It acts as a toll bridge, having to separate lanes. It is a multispan beam bridg that is constructed with a concrete box girder structure, and is curved from one end to the other. There are a total of over 60 piers, roughly 800 feet apart. It is 36 feet wide, nearly twice the width of the Great Wall of China. It has a very low speed limit, only 50 mph, and it only takes 12 minutes to go from one end to the other. It actually costs almost C$50 to use the bridge, and it can only be crossed by motor vehicles.

Why Was It Made?

It was actually designed to replace a ferry service, something that was not readily accepted by the people on the island because of how year-round traffic from tourists would affect their lives. In fact, even those that were part of the tourist industry were very upset by this decision because it cut into their profits. During this time, this is where Canadians began to refer to this as a fixed link, the name of the bridge until it was officially named Confederation Bridge. Today it is perfectly normal to see the bridge during the day or night, and the use of ferries as a primary form of transportation to and from the island has become a thing of the past.

Other Facts About The Bridge

Prior to the construction of the bridge, there were some proposals to create a railway tunnel beneath the bridge. There were also concerns about how the bridge would be made based upon the strong tides in the waters of the Northumberland Strait. Financing also became problematic, resulting in a company that would release bonds that could be purchased in order to generate the money. Even the name of the bridge caused a lot of conflict because the word Confederation was used with a number of other companies including the ferries, shopping centers, art galleries, and the rails to trails system. However, once it was completed, and the name was accepted, we now have this beautiful bridge that exist today. Also visit their Official Website for more information.

This bridge is the result of a substantial amount of planning, as well as taking into consideration the businesses and lives that it would affect not only in New Brunswick, but the people of Prince Edward Island that were very used to, and happy with, some form of isolation. However, it has all worked out as it continues to generate revenue, and provide convenience, for citizens on both sides of the bridge that use this every day.

The Good And Bad About Coffee

There is a lot of conflicting information out there about the good and bad about coffee, some say it is really good for you while others say you should stay away and not get addicted to it.  Let’s look at all of the claims about coffee to get a better idea if it is good for us or not.

Energy Boost- the caffeine in coffee actually cause a boost in the amount of neurotransmitters in the brain, this increases synapses or nerve firing in the brain which is thought to improve energy, mood and mental clarity.  This does sound great on paper but how much do we really want to manipulate neurotransmitters in the brain?  Artificially boosting a person’s energy with caffeine may sound like a great idea but is it the healthiest and most natural way to go about it?  The best approach would be to evaluate why a person is tired in the first place and work on that, stress, computers, and poor diets are probably the most common reason for overall fatigue.  Helping someone be alert or wake up using caffeine and sugar in reality is forcing the body to have energy when it really needs rest, and how long can the body keep this up?  Caffeine is one of the most addictive substances on earth, you might start out with one cup a coffee a day and then a year later you are drinking the whole pot, be careful.

Fat Burning Potential- coffee is thought to help boost your metabolism and help you burn those unwanted calories.  Most of us have seen the bullet proof coffee on the internet and the idea behind their approach makes sense.  They recommend doing intermittent fasting using an organic coffee that has good fats in it, the caffeine and good fat combination really helps stimulate the brain and metabolism.  Good fats recommended are grass fed butter or coconut oil, the brain loves good fat so this may help stimulate improvement in memory, focus, energy and motivation.  If you need a break from the bullet proof caffeinated coffee you can also use un-caffeinated.  Some nutritionists also recommend using organic cacao instead of coffee, the cacao is supposed to have some natural energy properties similar to caffeine.  Intermittent fasting with coffee is a part of many natural weight loss plans; it helps challenge one’s metabolism which is a great way to reset the fat burning process.

Natural Source Of Vitamins- coffee does contain some vitamins such as magnesium, manganese, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Vitamin B5, and potassium.  Coffee is a great natural source of nutrients but keep in mind you would not want to get most of your daily allowance from drinking this beverage.  A big question about coffee beans is the potential for mold forming in beans that are stored in multiple different warehouses.  Any live food can get mold if it is stored in poor conditions and this will ruin any of the good, healthy properties and nutrients that food may contain. 

Acidity and Inflammation- If coffee has one bad thing going for it; it has to be the inflammation and acidity it creates.  Most people today are very acidic because of the poor diets they choose, acidity can be measured by a pH strip with urine, the easiest way is to take your urine pH every morning after 5 am and before you eat.  An ideal pH for the body to work optimally is between 6.4-7.2, this seems like a small range but it really is optimal.  When pH is more on the acidic side, most people today are between 5.0-5.5, the body struggles to be healthy.  Common symptoms seen in acidic people are mineral depletion, thyroid disorders, digestive issues, immune problems, insomnia, increased inflammation, and increased aches and pains.  Most likely coffee would not be a big issue with influencing pH by itself, but you combine it with the acid producing processed, sugary foods that people eat today and it adds to the problem.  Coffee can be one of those vices like red wine; there are cultures that start drinking coffee and red wine from a young age; it is part of their daily routine and these people are very healthy.  Use common sense when drinking coffee; if you have an autoimmune condition or severe rheumatoid arthritis you might want to avoid coffee; if you are healthy than one cup of Joe daily is not going to hurt you.

Something simple to try is to avoid coffee or caffeine for 3 weeks and see if your health improves.  Common things to monitor would be energy, sleep, irritability, mood, brain clarity, digestion, headaches, elimination and see if any or all of these change for the better or not at all.  Like coffee, you can really do this with any food that the body might be sensitive to, common elimination foods include wheat, dairy, soy, sugar, and peanut, it is a simple process; you either feel way better and this encourages you to avoid these foods or you feel the same and therefore you don’t change your diet.